Question 1:
Case 1: Dr. M researched and established preliminary data but never published these findings. Subsequently, Dr. M left the home institution to take a position in another area. Her original work, however, remained with the home institution. Other postdocs built on her findings—some of which were in error, due to some technical issues which they resolved—and published her data and their own. She, Dr M, felt that she should have been recognized; even listed as a coauthor.
What is your opinion and why?
Case 2: Dr. J and Dr. Z (the former a microbiologist and the latter a biochemist) cooperated on a new medication. Dr. J published the article listing both their names with his own first in his microbiology journal. Dr. Z tweaked the data and findings, but in no way falsified, and published in a biochemistry journal but listed himself first in the authorship listing. Was Dr. Z plagiarizing or out of order? Why or why not?
Case 3: Dr. N has not been adhering to the clear protocol approved by the University’s IRB. When an undergraduate student reports this, the undergraduate is failed by Dr. N, despite clearly adequate performance in their research individual study, with Dr. N.
Should Dr. N be penalized as having committed research misconduct, and if so, how?
Discussion: What Is Ethics?
Case Studies 1, 2, and 3 from Chapter 1 in the text. (These evaluations will follow the format as per page 11. This will be the protocol required for every case in each chapter.)
What is ethics and why is Biblical biomedical ethics necessary?
What punishment do you think would be appropriate for research misconduct?
Why would scientists plagiarize or falsify data?Discussion thread of at least 125 words
Journal Entry: What is Ethics? Required to write a Journal Entry about the Discussion. In the entry, you will summarize what was discussed in your own words, talk about the topics, and provide novel insight gained from the discussion.
(must be 1,500–2,000 words)
Question 2
Case 1
Tay-Sachs Case: You discover that your child is suffering from Tay-Sachs. He will die in a couple of years. Do you let him die naturally, aggressively treat him, or opt for experimental treatment? What do the principles say is the morally correct thing to do?
Case 2
Deaf Culture Case: People who are deaf often do not view their deafness as a disability. They see it as a unique feature of their culture, one with a sophisticated language and set of cultural symbols. A married deaf couple had a child with partial hearing in one ear, and though the physicians want to perform a surgery to repair the ear so the child can hear, the parents refuse. Should the physicians seek to do the surgery anyways? Are the parents wrong for refusing to “treat” their child’s “ailment?” Should the physician leak the story to the press . . . if the parents continue to say “no?” Is the child impaired? Make sure you explain your answers.
Case 3
Making Babies Easy
(From Nancy Gibbs, Pillow Angel Ethics, TIME, Jan. 22, 2007, available at http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1574851,00.html
Some impaired infants have normal human life spans, though they require substantial care and treatment. In some cases, physicians/surgeons perform procedures to making raising these impaired infants easier. For instance, hormone treatments can make a child smaller, which makes them easier to care for; a uterus can be removed to prevent menstrual discomfort and pregnancy, and breast buds removed to prevent breast growth. Even though such procedures prevent pain and discomfort, and probably allow for a better treatment, are they morally justified?
Case 4
“Assigning Value to Life”: A malnourished, impoverished mother in a distant country in Africa is widowed, but finds herself expectant. She already has 5 children. Should she have an abortion, since this may well be a high-risk pregnancy or not?
Case 5: The elderly (74 year old) cancer patient with metastatic disease including brain mets, causing some decreased mentation, but without a living will, is no longer eating. The family is divided: some requesting you insert a PEG, or at the least an NG tube, and others requesting no interventions. What will you do/advise?
Discussion: Image of God (discussion thread of at least 125 words)
Five Case Studies from Chapter 2 in the text (These evaluations will follow the format as per page 11. This will be the protocol required for every case in each chapter.)
When do you think human life begins? Why? Journal Entry: Image of God Required to write a Journal Entry about the Discussion. In the entry, you will summarize what was discussed in your own words, talk about the topics, and provide novel insight gained from the discussion.
(must be 1,500–2,000 words)

The post Title: Ethics in Biomedical Research and Treatment: Exploring Case Studies and Dilemmas “The Ethical Dilemma of End-of-Life Care: Balancing Human Dignity and Autonomy”

Journal Entry: Image of God

In this week’s discussion, we explored the concept of being made in the image of God and its appeared first on around the clock essays.

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